- South Africa
- nouna republic at the southernmost part of Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1910; first European settlers were Dutch (known as Boers) (Freq. 1)• Syn: ↑Republic of South Africa• Derivationally related forms: ↑South African• Members of this Region:↑trek, ↑laager, ↑lager, ↑biltong, ↑People against Gangsterism and Drugs, ↑PAGAD, ↑Qibla, ↑kopje, ↑koppie, ↑kaffir, ↑kafir, ↑caffer, ↑caffre, ↑mealie• Part Holonyms: ↑Africa• Part Meronyms:↑Natal, ↑KwaZulu-Natal, ↑Pretoria, ↑capital of South Africa, ↑Cape Town, ↑Johannesburg, ↑Kimberley, ↑Durban, ↑Free State, ↑Orange Free State, ↑Transvaal, ↑Cape Province, ↑Cape of Good Hope Province, ↑Cape Colony, ↑Bloemfontein, ↑Soweto, ↑Kalahari, ↑Kalahari Desert, ↑Limpopo, ↑Crocodile River, ↑Orange, ↑Orange River
* * *South Africa [South Africa]the country at the southern tip of Africa. Its capital city is Pretoria but Cape Town and Bloemfontein also function as capitals. In the 17th and 18th centuries different areas of the country were settled by the Dutch and the British, who fought each other in the ↑Boer Wars. South Africa became part of the ↑British Empire in the late 18th century. In 1909 it became an independent member of the Commonwealth, but left in 1961 after establishing the policy of ↑apartheid (= trying to keep the races of the country separate, with the white people in control). Most other countries disapproved of this policy, and many countries refused to trade with South Africa or to take part in sporting events with it. In 1994, after years of international pressure, the South African government allowed everybody the same voting rights and Nelson Mandela became the country’s first black president. South Africa is the richest country in Africa, and is one of the world’s largest ↑producers of diamonds, gold and other valuable metals. Because of the many different peoples and cultures that make up the population and its 11 official languages, South Africa is known as the Rainbow Nation.
Useful english dictionary. 2012.
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South Africa — This article is about the modern country. For other uses, see South Africa (disambiguation). Republic of South Africa … Wikipedia
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