South Africa


South Africa
noun
a republic at the southernmost part of Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1910; first European settlers were Dutch (known as Boers) (Freq. 1)
Derivationally related forms: ↑South African
Members of this Region:
Instance Hypernyms: ↑African country, ↑African nation
Member Holonyms: ↑British Commonwealth, ↑Commonwealth of Nations
Part Holonyms: ↑Africa
Member Meronyms: ↑Sotho, ↑Tswana, ↑Bechuana, ↑Batswana, ↑South African, ↑Xhosa
Part Meronyms:

* * *

South Africa [South Africa]
the country at the southern tip of Africa. Its capital city is Pretoria but Cape Town and Bloemfontein also function as capitals. In the 17th and 18th centuries different areas of the country were settled by the Dutch and the British, who fought each other in the ↑Boer Wars. South Africa became part of the ↑British Empire in the late 18th century. In 1909 it became an independent member of the Commonwealth, but left in 1961 after establishing the policy of ↑apartheid (= trying to keep the races of the country separate, with the white people in control). Most other countries disapproved of this policy, and many countries refused to trade with South Africa or to take part in sporting events with it. In 1994, after years of international pressure, the South African government allowed everybody the same voting rights and Nelson Mandela became the country’s first black president. South Africa is the richest country in Africa, and is one of the world’s largest ↑producers of diamonds, gold and other valuable metals. Because of the many different peoples and cultures that make up the population and its 11 official languages, South Africa is known as the Rainbow Nation.

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • South Africa — South Af|ri|ca also the Republic of South Africa a country in southern Africa south of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe. Population: 43,586,000 (2001). Capitals: Pretoria and Cape Town. Largest city: Johannesburg. Until the 1990s, the country was… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • South Africa — country in southernmost Africa: formerly the Union of South Africa, it became a republic in 1961; member of the Commonwealth: 472,855 sq mi (1,224,690 sq km); pop. 37,714,000; caps. Cape Town (legislative), Pretoria (administrative), &… …   English World dictionary

  • South Africa — South Af′rica n. geg Republic of, a country in S Africa; member of the Commonwealth of Nations until 1961. 43,426,386; 472,000 sq. mi. (1,222,480 sq. km) Caps.: Pretoria and Cape Town Formerly, Union of South Africa South Af′rican, adj. n …   From formal English to slang

  • South Africa — This article is about the modern country. For other uses, see South Africa (disambiguation). Republic of South Africa …   Wikipedia

  • South Africa — Republic of, a country in S Africa; member of the Commonwealth of Nations until 1961. 42,327,458; 472,000 sq. mi. (1,222,480 sq. km). Capitals: Pretoria and Cape Town. Formerly, Union of South Africa. * * * South Africa Introduction South Africa… …   Universalium

  • South Africa — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::South Africa <p></p> Background: <p></p> Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652 and established a stopover point on the spice… …   The World Factbook

  • South Africa —    The settlement of Cape Town by the Dutch East India Company in 1652 provided the first opportunity for Protestantism to establish a foothold on the continent of Africa. The Reformed Church of the Netherlands primarily served the colonizers,… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • South Africa — /saʊθ ˈæfrɪkə/ (say sowth afrikuh) noun a republic in the southern most part of Africa, bordered by Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland; the Dutch Cape Colony (formed 1652) became a British colony in 1806; after British victory… …   Australian English dictionary

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